April 14 is the birth anniversary of BR Ambedkar, celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti.
A social reformer, lawyer and political activist, Ambedkar is remembered for his contributions in drafting the Indian Constitution and for standing up for the rights of Dalits and the downtrodden.
Ambedkar's life experiences and observations about the Indian society of the time were instrumental in shaping his ideology. Here is a look at the life and times of BR Ambedkar.
Ambedkar was educated at Elphinstone College, Mumbai; Columbia University, USA; and London School of Economics, UK.
BR He was the first Indian to pursue a doctorate in economics abroad. He served as the principal of the Government Law College, Mumbai for 2 years
He headed the committee that drafted the Indian Constitution, which was adopted on January 26, 1950.
By profession, he was a jurist and economist, and also served as Law and Justice minister in the first cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru.
During the drafting of the Constitution, Ambedkar argued for extensive economic and social rights for women.
He won support for introducing a system of reservations of jobs in the civil services, schools and colleges for members of scheduled castes/tribes and Other Backward Classes.
Born in a Dalit Mahar family, he had to face 'untouchability' in professional life- as an investment consultant in Mumbai, and also as a professor at Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics.
Other professors allegedly objected to his sharing a drinking-water jug with them.
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